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Ephesus

“To the angel of the assembly in Ephesus write: “He who holds the seven stars in his right hand, he who walks among the seven golden lamp stands says these things:  “I know your works, and your toil and perseverance, and that you can’t tolerate evil men, and have tested those who call themselves apostles, and they are not, and found them false.   You have perseverance and have endured for my name’s sake, and have not grown weary.  But I have this against you, that you left your first love.  Remember therefore from where you have fallen, and repent and do the first works; or else I am coming to you swiftly, and will move your lamp stand out of its place, unless you repent.  But this you have, that you hate the works of the Nicolaitans, which I also hate.  He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the assemblies. To him who overcomes I will give to eat from the tree of life, which is in the Paradise of my God.  Revelation 2:1-7

While Apollos was at Corinth, Paul, having passed through the upper country, came to Ephesus, and found certain disciples.  He said to them, “Did you receive the Holy Spirit when you believed?” They said to him, “No, we haven’t even heard that there is a Holy Spirit.”  He said, “Into what then were you baptized?” They said, “Into John’s baptism.”  Paul said, “John indeed baptized with the baptism of repentance, saying to the people that they should believe in the one who would come after him, that is, in Jesus.”  When they heard this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.  When Paul had laid his hands on them, the Holy Spirit came on them, and they spoke with other languages and prophesied.  They were about twelve men in all.  He entered into the synagogue, and spoke boldly for a period of three months, reasoning and persuading about the things concerning God’s Kingdom. Acts 19:1-8

800px-Great_Theatre,_Ephesus
Paulat Ephesus
Ephesussidolselling
Public Domain
Public Domain

“The fundamental position of this work is that a fusion took place between the ancient worship of Artemis in Ephesus, and the elevation of Mary to Theotokos, and that this fusion is not a result of the church-initiated action to convert the Ephesians, but rather the Ephesians forcing the early church to accommodate their traditions of Artemis by reshaping and reinterpreting the authority and responsibilities of the Virgin Mary.”

“THE ENDURING GODDESS: Artemis and Mary, Mother of Jesus”  By:  Carla Ionescu
A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED TO THE FACULTY OF GRADUATE STUDIES
IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF
DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY GRADUATE PROGRAM IN HUMANITIES
YORK UNIVERSITY
TORONTO, ONTARIO
May 2016

Artemis -> Diana – > Festival of Torches -> Virgin Mary ->Feast of the Assumption -> Queen of Heaven
Public Domain
Public Domain